Japan’s authorized grownup age is now 18 (from 20): 8 issues that change, 4 that keep

On April 1, 2022, Japan lowered the authorized age of maturity to 18 years. About two million individuals in Japan aged between 18 and 19 grew to become previous that day.

This follows an modification to the Civil Code, which first set the authorized age at 20 in 1876. That is the primary time it has been changed in additional than 140 years.

Implementing change is necessary in some ways. The approaching-of-age ceremony marking the official starting of maturity is without doubt one of the most memorable occasions in a single’s life in Japan. Thus far, it has been noticed solely by 20 12 months olds.

Implementation of the brand new measure coincides with the beginning of April, which marks the beginning of the brand new fiscal 12 months, faculty 12 months and employment interval in Japan. Many individuals discover themselves shifting to a brand new place in an organization, a brand new faculty, or class, and begin the 12 months off with a clear slate. That is an thrilling time within the Japanese calendar.

Nonetheless, what precisely do the adjustments imply? Let’s examine.


If you’re 18 or 19 years previous, your rights have modified and a few of your obligations have modified as nicely. This is what you are able to do now that you just could not earlier than:

  1. Enter right into a contract with out your dad or mum’s consent. Instance? Getting into a contract for employment, renting an residence, signing a cell phone contract or making use of for a bank card.
  2. Get chosen for jury responsibility.
  3. Apply for 10 years passport in your title.
  4. Sit for state-level {qualifications}, akin to physician, accountant and many others.
  5. enter into marriage. (Beforehand girls may marry at age 16, though parental consent was required till age 20.
  6. Alternatively, voting in elections was already attainable in 2016 for these over the age of 18.

The Unhealthy and the Impartial

Alternatively, it’s best to take duty on your actions in new methods. Adjustments within the Civil Code additionally imply, for instance:

  1. If you happen to commit against the law, you may be given a extra extreme punishment. The principles apply extra liberal penalties to those that haven’t achieved maturity underneath the Juvenile Act.
  2. Your title and face could also be printed by media retailers in case you are not less than 18 years previous now.

For what issues is the age restrict nonetheless 20?

Not all the pieces modified when the age of maturity dropped to 18. Even in case you are an grownup, in Japan you aren’t allowed to:

  1. Purchase alcoholic drinks.
  2. Purchase tobacco.
  3. Gamble and guess on issues like horse racing.
  4. Enter the Nationwide Pension System.

The authorized age for the entire above remains to be 20.

What about coming of age perform?

In apply many native governments have said that they plan to have fun the coming-of-age of their native residents for many who have simply turned 20. In different phrases, the picture reminiscences that include attaining maturity in all probability will not change, nevertheless it’s finest to examine with native governments.

What was causing altering the authorized age?

The Japanese authorities has mentioned it needs to offer youth the chance to take a extra lively function in society and make choices independently.

Are there critics of this transfer?

Some have expressed concern that inexperienced new adults usually tend to fall prey to scams. Beforehand, individuals underneath the age of 20 may simply keep away from the implications of a foul contract as a result of they have been youthful. Now, this can be true just for these under the age of 18.

What’s being performed to cope with this concern?

The federal government has arrange numerous info web sites, and has even collaborated with the makers of the favored anime collection Tokyo Revengers to share details about the significance of change and the brand new obligations that now exist between 18- and 19-year-olds. 12 months previous kids.

associated: [PHOTOS] Twenty-year olds have fun coming of age throughout COVID-19

Creator: Ariel Busseto


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