TOKYO — Beginning April 1, some teenagers in Japan can signal contracts and hire residences on their very own, however in accordance with modifications in Japanese legislation, they nonetheless cannot legally smoke, drink or gamble.
Based on a Justice Ministry pamphlet explaining the transfer, Japan is decreasing the age of majority, or maturity, to 18, in a transfer consistent with different international locations together with the USA, France and Turkey.
Adjustments to Japan’s civil code decrease the age of maturity to twenty, with one exception: the age at which girls can marry has been raised from the age of 16 to 18. Males had been already allowed to marry on the age of 18.
The change means 18- and 19-year-olds can signal contracts, resembling cellphones, bank cards, and residences, with out their mother and father’ consent. Based on the ministry’s pamphlet, it additionally eliminates the obligation of fogeys to have custody of, take care of and educate their kids.
In Japan, college students graduate from highschool on the age of 17 or 18, and lots of begin working.
The age at which younger Japanese can drink, smoke and wager in government-controlled actions resembling horse racing stays 20.
“The age restrict will likely be maintained from the viewpoint of well being influence, crime prevention and safety of juveniles,” the pamphlet stated.
These limits apply below the situation of settlement of US service members and different forces in Japan.
Based on a 2018 report by Mainichi newspaper, a complete of twenty-two associated legal guidelines setting age circumstances will likely be amended to mirror the youthful age of maturity.
Some components of the juvenile legislation, which covers kids 19 years and below, will likely be modified. Based on the Ministry of Justice web site, names of accused in prison circumstances might be reported to the media for individuals between the ages of 18 and 19.
Based on the ministry’s web site, courts in Japan will proceed to deal with defendants between the ages of 18 and 19 as minors, with their circumstances being referred to household courtroom. Nonetheless, household courts might determine that these defendants must be prosecuted as adults.